体育外围

【中华儿女】陶德麟 珞珈山麓的“哲学宗师”

点击次数:   更新时间: 2014-11-21

tabeichengweitiyuwaiweiguozhexuejie“boluanfanzhenghesixiangjiefangdelingluren”zhiyi,tadexueshuchengjiuherengemeilishoudaoxueshujiedegaoduzanyu

taodelinzaibashishouchenzuotanhuishangyufurenwupeijunjiaoshou

“fushengnengdejihuichun?bazhinanpaochizixin。chulizicanfei‘zhuangshi’,heshanzhipanyoucairen。mochouxianaichanghenglu,qiexifanzhijianmanlin。tiyuwaiweiyuantiangongzhongdousou,yunkaiwanliyuehuaxin。”

wen/benkanjizhe lina

tacongwuhandaxuebiyehouliuxiaorenjiao,tongshiweilidalaoxiaozhangdangle13nianxueshuzhushou;ta24suishifabiaowenzhang,dadanpipingqiansulianyoujinyuanshiheluosentaeryuanshibianzhudequanweizhuzuo《jianmingzhexuecidian》;ta1978nianchuxiquanguozhenlibiaozhunwentitaolunhui,yigaodudelilunyongqizaidahuifayanzhongqizhixianmingdipibo“lianggefanshi”……

tajiushiburuzhitianmingzhinianyihou,youxiangjidanrenwuhandaxuezhexuexixizhuren、yanjiushengyuanyuanzhang、changwufuxiaozhanghexiaozhangzhangda14nianderenwenshekezishenjiaoshou,hubeishengshoujiejingchushekemingjiazhiyidetaodelin。taojiaoshou60niandezhexuerensheng,keweibolanzhuangkuo,zhumingmeixuejia、zhexuejia、beijingdaxueyelangjiaoshouzaidule《taodelinwenji》houjitaoxianshengdexinzhongshuo:“dufudeshi,shi‘shishi’,nindewenji,keyishuoshixiandaidangdaizhexueshi,bujinyoulilunjiazhi,erqieyoulishidejiazhi。”dantaodelinbenrenquerenweizijizhishiyige“zaijingjicongshengdexiaolushangpanshanqianjin”de“pingyongdetanqiuzhe”。

1986nian5yue25riguowuyuanxueweiweiyuanhuizhexuexuekepingyizuchengyuanheying

shaonianyingcai,jieyuanwuhandaxue

taodelinxianshengchushengyuyigewenhuafenweinongyudejiating。tadezufushiyiweibuyuancanjiakejukaoshideqingmorusheng。tadefuqinyouchengjiaxue,guoxuegongdishenhou,shaoniantoushenxinhaigeming,biyeyubaodingjunxiao,qingnianshiqicengrensunzhongshanxianshengdabenyingcanmoudengzhi,canjiabeifazhanzheng。muqinhuangjianwenbiyeyuhubeishenglinvzishifantiyuwaiwei,cengrenzhongxiaoxueguowen、shuxue、yinlejiaoshi。

体育外围taodelinxianshengmeiyoushangguoxiaoxue,tadeguo、ying、shuzhukezhishizhuyaoshiyoufumuzaijiajiaoshoude。tatianfuguoren,wusuiqijiukaishixuexi《sishu》、《shijing》he《guwenguanzhi》,jinzhongxuezhiqianjiunengbeisongbushaoguoxuejingdianhewenxuemingzhu,xuehuilewenyanwenxiezuohejiutishicigelv。ta16suishijiunengxieyishoulaoliandewenyanwenhegudianshici,laoshizaipiyuzhongchengzanta“wenruzhuolunlaoshou,wuxiekeji,erqingyunyouyang,lingrenshenwang”,“lunyunlizu”,“suopingjiyiyangzhinengshi”。zheixiezuopinzhijinhaibaocunzhe。

体育外围1948nianchuntadefuqinhuanzhongbingwochuangbuqi,queyishaoyao,jiazhongshenghuokunnan,tarengranjianchixuexidaogaozhongbiye。1949nianxinzhongguochengliqianxi,tabaokaoleqinghuadaxuewaiwenxi、wuhandaxuejingjixihehuazhongdaxuewaiwenxi,yiyouyidechengjitongshiluqubinghuodelesanxiaodezhuxuejin。zheishitafuqinbingshi,muqinwurenzhaoliao,bubianyuanxing;jiayiwudadangshiyeshiyuqinghuaqimingdexuefu,jingjixiyouqixiangyoushengyu,yushitafangqilequqinghuadedasuan,ruwuhandaxuejingjixixuexi。

体育外围taodelinweiwuda120zhounianhuadanzuoshiyishou

tajinwudashihaibudao18sui,zhengshishijieguanxingchengdeguanjiannianling,youqiafengxinzhongguochengli、shehuidabiangekaishideshiqi,quanguodouchenjinzaiyipianjiefangdexiyuezhizhong,wuhandaxueyechengweigongchandanglingdaodegemingronglu。shishengyuangongdouzaixuexigeminglilun,rehuochaotianditouruyigejiezheyigedezhengzhiyundong。zaitamianqianzhanxiandeshiwuxianguangmingdeqianjing。tajijitoushenyutudigaigedenggezhongshijianhuodong,canjiagezhongshehuigongzuo,chengweixueshengzhongdejijifenzizhiyi,dangxuanweizhongguoxinminzhuzhuyiqingniantuanwuhanshidiyijietuanyuandaibiaodahuidaibiao。tadanrenlewuhandatiyuwaiweikan《xinwuda》debianjizuzuzhang,zhuanxieshelunheduanping,haizaizhigongyexiaojiangshouyuwenke。tongshi,tafenlixuexizhuanyelilun,kuodazhishimian。chulejingjixidekechengtadouminglieqianmaowai,haidaowaixixuanxiulezhexue、shehuixue、putongwuli、shuxuefenxi、xingshiluoji、wenyixue、zhongguotongshi、xiyangtongshidengkecheng,yingkenle《zibenlun》di1juanbingzuolebiji。dangshijiaoshehuixuedeliuxuyijiaoshouyongdejiaocaishilidade《xinshehuixuedagang》,shijishangjiushibeimaozedongzanyuwei“zhongguorenzijixiedediyibenmakesizhuyizhexuejiaokeshu”《shehuixuedagang》delishiweiwuzhuyibufen,zheishitaodelinchubuxitongdixuexilemakesizhuyizhexuedejibenyuanli。zheiduanduandesinianshitadaxialeyishengshiyedejichu。

enshizhiyin,zoushangzhexuezhilu

1953nian2yuelidatongzhijiurenwuhandatiyuwaiweizhang,daoxiaobujiujiuzaijijiangbiyedexueshengzhongfaxianletaodelin,juedingbatazuoweililunjiapeiyang,xuandingtaliuxiaorenjiao,zuozijidexueshuzhushou。bitaodelinnianzhangsishisuidelidaxiaozhangyifubeideshenqingyuetadaojializhangtan,jianglemakesizhuyiduirenleihezhongguorenminjiefangshiyedeweidazuoyong,jianglezijiweichuanbomakesizhuyierzhangqifendoudelicheng,qiangdiaopeiyangxinyidaimakesizhuyililunjiadeshenyuanyiyi,lidaxiaozhangyuzhongxinzhangdishuo:yanjiumakesizhuyijiuyaoyoushishiqiushidekexuejingshen,bunengnatadangfanwan,bunengxiangxiaofan,tianqingjiubaitanzi,xiayujiushoutanzi。tiyuwaiweixiangxinninengchengweililunjia。zheiweizhongguomakesizhuyixianqumanqiangreqingdefeifuzhiyanshitashenweigandonghezhefu,zheiyejuedingletahoulaiderenshengdaolu。jishinianhoutatandaozijidejinglishishuo:“lidalaoshishitiyuwaiweideenshiheyinluren。”

1953nian8yuetaodelinliuxiaozhuangongzhexue。taduizhexuesuiranzaoyoushelie,danbushizhexuezhuanyedekebanchushen,tazhidaozijidezhexuegongdibingbushenhou,jixubuke。tazaixiezhulidaxiaozhanggongzuodetongshiyeyijiridizuanyanmakesizhuyijingdianzhuzuo,zixuezhongwaizhexueshi,daohuazhongshifandaxue(dangshijiaohuazhongshifanxueyuan)tingweizhuominxianshengjiangkangde、heigeerzhexue(neishiwudazhexuexizaiquanguoyuanxidiaozhengzhongyihebingdaobeijingdaxue,1956niancaiyoulidaxiaozhangzhuchizhongjian)。tajinbuhenkuai,liangnianhoujiukaishifabiaozhexuelunwen。

体育外围1955nianxiatian,24suidetaodelinxieleyipiantiwei《guanyu“maoduntongyixing”deyidianyijian》delunwen,pipingsulianluosentaer、youjinhezhude《jianmingzhexuecidian》dui“tongyixing”dejieshiweibeilemakesizhuyibianzhengfadeyuanyi。neishizhengzaiqiangdiaoxuexisulian,《jianmingzhexuecidian》yebeishiweiburongzhiyidequanwei。dan《zhexueyanjiu》bianjibuzhichilezheiweixiangquanweidetiaozhande“chushengzhidu”,zai1956niandi2qifabiaolezheipianwenzhang,lijizaiguonei、sulianhedongoulilunjieyinqileqiangliefanxiang。《cidian》zaibanshiyejucizuolexiugai。

体育外围1956nianlidatongzhizhuchizhongjianwudazhexuexishi,nianjin25suidetaodelinzuoweidiyipirenkejiaoshizhiyi,dengshanglejiangtai。dangta28suishi,tayoushouzhonggonghubeishengweizhipin,lianxusinianweiquanshenggaozhongjiganbujiangshou《shijianlun》he《maodunlun》,shenshouhuanying,tingzhongdashiwanrenyishang,tadejianggao《shijianlunqianshi》beishengweiyinfaquansheng,guangweiliuchuan。1961nianqitaweiwudazhexuexidelidashiyanbanxitongjiangshoumakesizhuyizhexue,tongshiweiquanxiaoyanjiushengkaizhexueke。tadejiangkexitongzhoumi,xingxiangshengdong,beixueshengmenchengzanwei“zizizhuji,chushenruhua”。 1961nianlidaxiaozhangshoumaozedongzhuxideweituozhubianmakesizhuyizhexuejiaokeshu,zhidingtaweiquanshudezhibiren。tazailidaxiaozhangzhidaoxiayong4nianshijianjingxinxiechengle38wanzideshangjuansongshengao,yin“wenhuadageming”baofaerweinengchuban。12nianzhihou,taodelinshourenminchubansheweituoxiudinglecigao,yilidazhubiande《weiwubianzhengfadagang》deshumingyu1978nianchuban,zheishi“wenge”houchubandediyibenmakesizhuyizhexuejiaokeshu,huodeleshoupiguojiayouxiujiaocaiyidengjiang。

zainanyuchensihoudepobingzhilv

体育外围1966nian“wenhuadageming”turandaolai,lidatongzhihengzaowuxian,zaodaocankupidouerhanyuanqushi,taodelinyeshoudaoqianlian,beiqiujinqilaipidoushencha,suihoubeisongdaoxiangyanglaodonggaizao。zaishiniandecankuhuanjingzhong,tajiusiyisheng,yecengyidumiwangbeiguan,dantazai“wenge”zhongqizhongyuzhujianqingxing,jianxindangdecuowuzonghuijiuzheng,zhongguobuhuijiucichenlun。tazaitoutouxiexiadeyishouxiaoshizhongbiaodalezheizhongxinnian:“linqiziguyipanghuang,tiyuwaiweidaoqiqianbuzishang。xinjingchangsuitianshangyue,ruhuanrujuezongqingguang。”

1976nian10“sirenbang”beifensui,juguoyipianhuanteng,taodelinziranyefeichangxingfen。danguolehaibudaosigeyue,《renminribao》、《hongqi》zazhihe《jiefangjunbao》jiuzai1977nian2yue7rifabiaoleshelun,xuanbulezhumingde“lianggefanshi”,zheidengyushuo“wenge”bingmeiyoucuo,cuodezhishilinbiao、“sirenbang”waiqule“wenge”。keshi,an“wenge”delaoluzouxiaqu,zhongguohaiyouxiwangshixianzhouzonglishengqiantichudesigexiandaihuama?zhongguohaiyouguangmingdeqiantuma?taodelinxianrulexindekumen,bunengbujinyibusikaowentidezhengjie。1977niantachongpozhongzhongzuli,yingyaodaobeijingcanjialeyigehuiyi。jiehouzhongfengdeshiyoumenreleiyingkuangdixianghuqingsu,yetiyuwaiweileduizuguoqiantumingyundekanfa。xuduotongzhidachenglegongshi:yaofangzhi“wenhuadageming”dezhongyanhuobianxiangzhongyan,guanjianzaihuifuzhenliwentishangdeshijianbiaozhun,congzhexueshangbodao“lianggefanshi”delilunjichu。danshi,“lianggefanshi”dangshihaishibunengchudongdejinqu,renhefeiyidouhuidandangjidadezuiming。

zhenxiangjuechufengshengyiyang,1978nian5yue11ri《guangmingribao》teyuepinglunyuandewenzhang《shijianshijianyanzhenlideweiyibiaozhun》fabiaole。guoleyigeduoyue,1978nian7yue4ri,taodelinshoudaozhongguoshehuikexueyuanfajitadeqingjian,shuo7yue17rizhi23rizaibeijingjuxing“lilunyushijianwentizhexuetaolunhui”(zheishidangshiweilebimianshouzueryongdeyigehanhumingcheng,shijishangjiushizhenlibiaozhuntaolunhui),qingtachuxibingzhunbeilunwenhefayan。youjingguofeichangfuzadekangzheng,tacaibeiyunxuchuxi。 7yue16riwanshang,zhongguoshehuikexueyuandexingbisitongzhizhaotaqukailelingdaoxiaozuhui,yaotayuhufumingtongzhigongtongzhuchiyigedazudetaolun。zai23rixiawubimushishang,taodelinzuoledahuifayan,timushi《guanyuzhenlibiaozhundejigewenti》,qizhixianmingdilunzhengleshijianshijianyanzhenlideweiyibiaozhunshimakesizhuyidegenbenyuanli,pibole“lianggefanshi”,dedaolejuedaduoshuyuhuitongzhidehaoping。《zhexueyanjiu》henkuaijiuzaitongniandi 10qifabiaolezheipianwenzhang(jianyudangshixingshihaibuminglang,shanquleqizhongzuijianruideyibufen)。huiyiqijian,taodelinhaixiang《zhexueyanjiu》bianjibutigongle50niandaimaozedongzhuxizhilidatongzhidesanfengxinfuyinjian,jingzhongguoshehuikexueyuanbaoqingdangzhongyangpizhun,zaitongnian《zhexueyanjiu》di12qifabiao,quanguogedabaokanzhuanzai,duipochu“lianggefanshi”、chengqinglilunshifeiqilezhongdadecujinzuoyong。taodelincanjiazheicitaolunhuihoufangfocongyinanxiazhaideqiulongliyixiakuadaoleqingmingkuankuodeyuanye。tazaidangwanqingbuzijindixiexialeyishou《xijiangyue》ci:

“shanwaijiaoyanganxia,linjianhaoyuechuxuan。weifengguochutingmingchan,yipaiqingguangrujian。

huishourenjiandiandao,xiaomoduoshaohuanian。pingtacanghaiqikuanglan,tiyuwaiweizibingxinyipian!”

12yue13ri,dengxiaopingtongzhizaizhongyangzhongyanggongzuohuiyibimuhuishangjianghuamingquedikendinglezhenlibiaozhuntaolun“henyoubiyao,yiyihenda”,“congzhenglundeqingkuangkan,yuekanyuezhongyao”,“dequeshigesixiangluxianwenti,shigezhengzhiwenti,shigeguanxidaodangheguojiadeqiantuhemingyundewenti。”jinjiezhejiushidangdeshiyijiesanzhongquanhuideshenglizhaokai。zheicaizaizhengzhishang“qiankundingyi”。taodelinrenwei,shijianshijianyanzhenlideweiyibiaozhunbingbushi“changshi”,ershixuyaoyanmilunzhengdekexuemingti。weici,tazhenduixueshujiehaicunzaidebaoliuheyiwen,youjielianfabiaolexilielunwen,congxuelishangduizhenlibiaozhunwentizuolexitongxizhidechanfa。qizhong《luojizhengmingyuzhenlibiaozhun》yiwenzai《zhexueyanjiu》fabiao14nianhouhuodeleguojiajiaoweishoujierenwenshehuikexueyouxiuchengguoyidengjiang。

weixue、weishi、weiren

taodelinxianshengzai35suideshengnianshiquleziyou,10duoniandeqingchunbei“wenge”jiqihouyizhengsuoxiaohao;buruzhitianmingzhinianyihou,youxiangjidanrenxi、xiaozhuyaolingdaozhiwuzhangda14nian,barenwenxuezhezuibaoguidenianhuafengxianjilewuhandaxuedetiyuwaiweihefazhan。jiushizaizheiyangdeqingkuangxia,pingzheaizhiyoumindeqinghuaihefenliqiusuodejingshen,taodelinxianshengzaixueshuyanjiushangzhuoyoujianshu。tajichengfayanglelidaxianshengzhuzhongduimakesizhuyililundezhengtixingyanjiuhelilunlianxishijideyouliangxuefeng,bazhuyaoyanjiulingyufangzaimakesizhuyizhexuejichulilunhemakesizhuyizhexuezhongguohuafangmian,duiyixiliezhongdalilunhexianshiwentijinxinglechuangzaoxingdetansuo,shixianleduofangmiandelilunchuangxin。taduonianlaidanrenlexuduozhongyaodequanguoxingxueshujianzhi,tadelunzhucenghuodeshiduozhonggaojibiedejiangli,tabenrenyeruxuanhubeisheng“xinzhongguochengli60nian gongxunrenwu100ren”he“gaigekaifangsanshinian yingxianghubeisanshiren”。

taodelinxianshengyeshiyiweijiaoyujia。taqiangdiao“bujuyigeyurencai”,qiangdiao“yijiangnanqiu,sanjunyibuyide”。taqiangdiaoweirendeda“ge”bixukeshou,dangexingbunengyayi。rencaibushigongyechanpin,bunengxiangliushuixianneiyangshengchan,bixushitamengeyoutedian,gezhansuozhang,ranhoucainengqianzibaitai,qunxingcanlan。tajijingxinshouyejiehuo,youqinglichuandaoyuren,zhuzhongyincaishijiao、xunxunshanyou,yuxueshenggongtongtantao,xuxintingqubutongyijian,congbuqiangjiayuren。tashushinianlaipeiyangledaliangdecaijianbeidegaocengcichuangzaoxingrencai。tadexueshuqiduheweirenpinzhi,taaizhiqiuzhen、aicaixixian、naizhiyidebaoyuandexuduoshiliyizaixuejiechuanweimeitan。

体育外围taodelinxianshengdexueshuchengjiuherengemeilishoudaoxueshujiedegaoduzanyu,beichengweitiyuwaiweiguozhexuejie“boluanfanzhenghesixiangjiefangdelingluren”zhiyi、“tiyuwaiweiguomakesizhuyiyanjiulingyuzuiqianyande、zuiyouyingxiangdeqianbeixuerenzhiyi”,beichengwei“degaoxuefan”de“xuejietaidou”he“zhexuezongshi”。2010nian10yue31ri,wuhandaxuelongzhongjuxingdianliqingzhuzhumingmakesizhuyizhexuejia、lilunjiahejiaoyujiataodelinxiansheng80huadan。dapizhimingzhuanjiaxuezheyunjiluojiashan,yitongqinghetaoxianshengdeshouchen。youguanlingdaotongzhi、gaodengyuanxiao、keyanjigou、chubanjigoulaihanzhihe,xuduoxuezhezhuanwengaodupingjialetaoxianshengdechengjiu,yijijiechengshu。

taodelinxianshengbarenmendezanyukanchengduizijidegulihebiance,yizaibiaoshi“kuibugandang”。tayongyishoushidaxiedajia:“fushengnengdejihuichun?bazhinanpaochizixin。chulizicanfei‘zhuangshi’,heshanzhipanyoucairen。mochouxianaichanghenglu,qiexifanzhijianmanlin。tiyuwaiweiyuantiangongzhongdousou,yunkaiwanliyuehuaxin。”tashuotazhishiyiming“xiaobing”,nianshiyuegaoyueshenganzijide“wuzhi”,zhibuguo“chizizhixinhaimeiyouminmie”,mingzhi“laozhiyizhi”er“buganxiedai”, yuanyigenzaidajiahoumianzuoyidianlisuonengjidegongzuoeryi。

taodelinxianshengyizaiwuhandaxueduguole64gechunqiu,taduipeiyuletademuxiaohuaizhetebieshenhoudeganqing,changshuowudashitademuqin。weilepeiyangchuyidaidaijiechudewudaren,taodelinxianshengxianzairengzaiyilaojifulizhizaiqianlidejingshenfendoubuyi。tayinyizilidezuoyoumingshi:qiushituoxin,jihoufabo,yanbijichu,guowudangai。

(benwengenjuwuhandaxuezhexuexueyuanjiaoshouwangxinyanweizhongguokexuechubanshechubande《ershishijizhongguozhimingkexuejiagailan·zhexuejuan》zhuanxiede《taodelinxianshengdezhexuetansuozhilu》dengziliaozhenglichengwen,duiziliaotigongbiaoshiganxie)

(稿件来源:体育外围-_欢迎您